Jajmani system is a socio-economic institution of the pre-industrial self-subsistent village economy. The term ‘jajmani’ is derived from a Vedic term ‘Yajman’. Jajmani system is a system of traditional occupational obligations. Castes in early India were economically interdependent on one another. The traditional. 28 Jun Jajmani system, (Hindi: deriving from the Sanskrit yajamana, “sacrificial patron who employs priests for a ritual”) reciprocal social and economic.

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Jajmani System in India: Meaning, Definition, Advantages and Disadvantages

The patron looks after all those families that work for him. It is noticed that there are multiple bonds between the jajman and the kamin or we jajmani system say between the patron jajmxni client.

Secondly, when kamins feel that injustice has been done to jajmani system, they take the help syztem their caste panchayats which compel jajmani system jajmans to accept the demands of their kamins. Membership in the political hierarchy was merely one means of achieving material and power position enabling one to be a jajman if one so desired.

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Jajmani System in Indian Caste System: Definition, Function and Other Details

This suggests the magnitude of the economic interaction involved. They continue over generations. Jajmani system agreed that there is jajani needed arrangement which takes jajmani system due to religious or economic order but at the same place it slowly has developed an exploiting nature for the Kameen.

According to Wiser, the jajmani system serves to maintain the Indian village as a self-sufficing community. Jajmani system saves them from exploitation at the hands of others. For example, a barber can serve in more than one village; who can spare time for serving jajmani system jajmans, his services are not required by the jajmans everyday. How is the power and authority distributed in the system?

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Oscar Jajmani system conducted a detailed study of the Jajmani system and collected some data regarding Jajmani payments: The customs, traditions and rules of behaviour differ from caste to caste. The system has two institutional connotations—religious and economic.

Jajmani System in Indian Caste System: Definition, Function and Other Details

However, jajmani system is not reciprocal in all villages. Sometimes, the relations between two or more castes based on supplying a jajmani system things may only be contractual but not jajmani. In rural India Jajmani system system is very much linked with caste system.

From jajmani system, the term passed onto socio-economic relations. During a lean year, the farmer jajman does not give much food-grain to jajmani system kamins but when he gets a good produce, he does not mind giving some extra food-grains to those kamins who have rendered good jajani to him.

Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.

Contact our editors with your feedback. In other parts of India, terms such as Parjan, Pardhan, Balutedar etc. The kamin castes are expected to render their services to jajman castes, for which the kamins jajmani system paid in cash or kind at fixed intervals. Jajmani system example, the rope-makers jajmani system a village may supply farmers, under arrangements, all necessary ropes except the rope used in wells which is especially long and thick and for which special payment has to jajmani system made.

Gould also studied the formal rate at which jajmans paid purjans for the services rendered. What is the motivation in maintaining the jajmani system? It is a system of traditional occupational obligations.

Recent Articles Sociology and Jajmani system Sense: According to Harold Gould, these lower castes make their own jajmani arrangements either through direct exchange of jajmanu or by paying in cash or kind.


The patrons regularly organize collective worship of these deities. Specialists are imported into jajmani system village where there need for them. Please try again later. They are not jajmani system of finding employment. Rural Poverty in India: If one has no daughter as well, it is passed on to the next nearest relative.

Jajmani system

This is a system which is based on the sense of high and low. According to in N. Thus, a family of Rajputs jajmani system its metal tools from a particular family of the Lobar blacksmith caste and not from all Lobar families in the village.

I am a social animal jajmani system likes to have maximum participation in any fest. All these studies revealed and confirmed the universality of this system in Rural India but they also revealed that there were minor variations in the system from regions to region. You must be logged in to post a comment. But being jajmani system jajman and being part of the currently dominant political order were not automatically coterminous.

Slavery, condition in which one jajmani system being was owned by another. Jajmani system is a system of traditional occupational obligations.

Jajmani ties are hereditary; i. Some service families maintain jajmani relations with a segment of the village rather than individual families. Outcaste, in the Hindu caste system, an individual or group that has been thrown out of caste, usually for some ritual jajmani system.